Pediatric Dentistry is a dental specialty that concentrates its attention on infants and children providing preventive and therapeutic oral health care. During the “growth” phase of a child, special approaches are needed to guide the dental growth and development in order to avoid future dental problems.
NEED FOR THE TREATMENT
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Milk teeth are as important as the permanent ones because
- Baby teeth are important in proper feeding and nutrition.
- Milk teeth serve as space maintainers for the proper spacing and alignment of the permanent teeth.
- Healthy milk teeth are crucial in helping the baby learn how to speak properly.
- Healthy looking teeth are important in building self-confidence at an early age. Small children because of immaturity are quick to tease peers about ugly looking or decayed teeth.
Baby Bottle Tooth Decay (Nursing Bottle Caries):
What causes Baby Bottle Tooth Decay?
Baby Bottle Tooth Decay most often occurs in the upper front teeth, but other teeth may also be affected.One common cause is the frequent, prolonged exposure of the baby’s teeth to drinks that contain sugar. Tooth decay can occur when the baby is put to bed with a bottle, or when a bottle is used as a pacifier for a fussy baby.Tooth decay is a disease that can begin with cavity-causing bacteria being passed from the mother (or primary caregiver) to the infant. These bacteria are passed through the saliva. When the mother puts the baby’s feeding spoon in her mouth, or cleans a pacifier in her mouth, the bacteria can be passed to the baby.
If your infant or toddler does not receive an adequate amount of fluoride, they may also have an increased risk for tooth decay. The good news is that decay is preventable.
Preventing Baby Bottle Tooth Decay
- Try not to share saliva with the baby through common use of feeding spoons or licking pacifiers. After each feeding, wipe your child’s gums with a clean, damp gauze pad or washcloth.
- When your child’s teeth come in, brush them gently with a child-size toothbrush and water. Be sure to consult with your child’s dentist if you are considering using fluoride toothpaste before age 2.
- Brush the teeth with a pea-sized amount of toothpaste from the ages of 2 to 6.
- Supervise brushing until your child can be counted on to spit and not swallow toothpaste—usually not before he or she is 6 or 7.
- Place only formula, milk or breastmilk in bottles. Avoid filling the bottle with liquids such as sugar water, juice or soft drinks.
- Infants should finish their bedtime and naptime bottles before going to bed.
- If your child uses a pacifier, provide one that is clean—don’t dip it in sugar or honey.
- Encourage your child to drink from a cup by his/her first birthday.
- Encourage healthy eating habits.
When your child’s first tooth appears, talk to your dentist about scheduling the first dental visit. Treat the first dental visit as you would a well-baby checkup with the child’s dentist.
Remember: starting early is the key to a lifetime of good dental health.
Root Canal Treatment in milk teeth
The two methods of treating infected dental nerve tissue are the pulpotomy and pulpectomy.A pulpectomy is a dental procedure in which all of the pulp in the pulp chamber and root canal of a tooth is removed. This procedure is recommended when the pulp has become infected and the infection cannot be resolved. The goal of the procedure is to prevent the infected pulp from spreading an infection which could lead to the loss of teeth.A pulpotomy is when the inflamed pulp chamber, usually on a baby molar, is removed, the area is sterilized, and the chamber is sealed. It is also called a baby tooth root canal, but it’s not really a root canal. It is a very common procedure in children and has a reasonably good prognosis of success.
The ultimate objective of these procedures is to save the tooth, so that it will maintain the integrity and function of the dental arch.
Pit and fissure sealants
Which teeth should be sealed?