ORAL-MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY is a surgical specialty which involves the diagnosis, surgery and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and aesthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.
More simply put, the oral and maxillofacial surgeon is the orthopedic surgeon of the facial region. He or she is an individual who addresses problems ranging from the removal of impacted teeth to the repair of facial trauma. They treat accident victims suffering facial injuries, care for patients with oral cancer, tumors and cysts of the jaws, and perform facial cosmetic surgery.
Dental extraction is the removal of a tooth from the mouth. There are varied reasons for the extraction from total decay that has destroyed tooth structure render the tooth non-restorable. Other reasons of extraction can be impacted or problematic wisdom teeth, to create space during orthodontic treatment.
Simple extractions are performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth, usually under local anesthetic and require only use of instruments to elevate the visible portion of the tooth.
Surgical extractions involve the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed, either because they have broken under the gum line or because they have not erupted fully. It includes elevating the soft tissue covering the tooth and bone and removal some of the overlying bone.
Most commonly extractions are done to remove damaged tooth. There are additional reasons for tooth extractions:
- Extra teeth blocking other teeth from coming in.
- Severe gum disease which may affect the supporting tissues and bone structures of teeth.
- Severe tooth decay.
- In preparation for orthodontic treatment.
- Teeth in the fracture line.
- Fractured teeth.
- Teeth which cannot be restored with endodontic treatment.
- Supernumerary, supplementary or malformed teeth.
- Reduced cost compared to other treatment.